Anatomy Terms Lists

You may already be familiar with the handy lists of the literal meanings of anatomy terms that you may encounter in a typical human anatomy and physiology course.

These are discussed in the following blog articles:
In addition to the printable handouts that have been available for some time, I've also recently added interactive web versions to the Lion Den website. Here's a preview:

open image in new tab or window for a larger version
Click the image (at the blog) to enlarge the table to see details.

The muscle names list is found at

The list of bone marking types is found at

The list of names of individual bones and markings is found at

To download the printable handout versions of these lists go to

All of the links above require a free membership in the Lion Den.

Read More!

Lion Den Anatomy Lesson

One of the things about the new Lion Den site is that playful illustration you see at the top of the home page.

I call it Lion Den Anatomy Lesson and it's the creation of renowned illustrator Joe Kulka.

I first became aware of Joe's work when he did a series of small portraits of important scientists for one of my textbooks. Then he created some whimsical and engaging covers for the two editions of my book Survival Guide for Anatomy & Physiology.

Even if you haven't heard of Joe before, or haven't seen those Survival Guide book covers, you've probably seen his illustrations.  He's an award-winning children's book author and has created illustrations for many popular publishers, books, and projects. For example, you've seen Smokey Bear and Woodsy Owl, right?

When I recently undertook the complete rebuilding of the Lion Den website, with it's refocusing on the learning and teaching of human anatomy and physiology, I knew I needed a dramatic illustration to serve as the "first impression" for visitors. It dawned on me that Joe's Survival Guide book covers are not only visually appealing, but also tell a story in a playful way. And that playful tone is exactly what I want to project in the Lion Den website.

So I asked Joe if he could find some time in his busy schedule to create an image for my website. And he did!

I love the story Lion Den Anatomy Lesson tells. It shows a lion teaching an anatomy lesson. But if you look closely, you'll see that the labels on the muscle chart list meals—not muscle names. It's a playful take on the role of lions as predators. But in doing so, ties the "lion" identity of the website to it's "anatomy" content. Notice also that the lion "student" on the left, the one licking his lips in anticipation of a meal, reflects the lion featured in the Lion Den website's logo photograph.

I love the Lion Den Anatomy Lesson—I hope you enjoy it, too!

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The Lion Tamers Behind Lion Den's New Platform

How are you liking the new look and functionality of Lion Den? As Lion Den's creator, I'm thrilled with it.

As some of you know, I started Lion Den as a "personal" website many, many years ago—before most colleges had a website (not to mention a learning management system). My college was just getting their website up and running and I wanted to post news items for my students, class notes and other resources, and general study tips and tools to help my students succeed. But my college wanted a "public relations website" not a teaching-learning tool. Not willing to wait for them to come around to my way of thinking, I simply started my own website.

There are many advantages to having a website entirely under one's control as a professor. I've nearly always had a mix of part-time and full-time appointments, so it's an easy way to post common resources that all my students can use. I'm not at the whims of sudden and tightly scheduled changes to institutional platforms just at a time when I'm already overloaded with academic work. And I can be more entrepreneurial.

But there are downsides, too. I had to learn some tech stuff I didn't know. I love learning new things and taking on new challenges. So although it was work, I enjoyed it. But another downside—a big one—is that I had to be my own IT team.

Lucky for me, I eventually found a reliable web host that provides great support at a reasonable price— That helps a lot.

But the real work comes in setting up a website and maintaining it. As web technology has changed over the years, there have been a couple of times I've had to completely reconstruct my website in a new platform. That's a double load because I'm having to learn the new platform at the same time as I'm rebuilding it.

Recently, it became clear that I had to once again rebuild Lion Den. Students and teachers using it could not easily navigate, or even see, some of the resources on mobile devices. There were other issues, too.

But I'm very busy right now with teaching and textbook revising, not to mention family, so I decided to look for outside help. That's when I ran across S4supporta division of NeoSoft.

They have an outsourcing system that can scale from huge companies right down to little old me. And their prices scale right along with it. In their system, they match you to the IT professional that you need and you pay a reasonable hourly rate for their services.

I had some hesitation, I will admit. I wasn't sure I could speak "tech" with someone who is an expert. And besides needing someone to roll up their sleeves and do the rebuild, I also needed a mentor who could prepare me for maintaining the rebuild website.

But I wasn't disappointed. I was assigned a very amiable and talented programmer, Rajendar, who was perfect for me. Besides all the heavy lifting of reformulating all my content for a new, more modern and flexible, platform (Wordpress), he also contributed some brilliant ideas about rethinking some of the design and functionality of my website.

When the task was done, it was done. There has been no pressure to continue working with them. The agreement I signed is open-ended—I can rehire them for chunks of time only when I need them. I probably will at some point. When I want to try something new that I can't handle on my own. If something breaks badly. Or if I want build or rebuild another website or blog. No pressure—just willingness, if I should need them again.

If you have a website or blog or anything like that, and want your own affordable "IT department" to get you started or bail you out of a mess, then I recommend S4support enthusiastically.

Read More!

You, Too, Can Join the Lions!

We recently implemented the membership function of the new Lion Den website.

Besides the awesome prestige of being on the membership roster of the Lion Den, you will also have an easy way to access the various resources you may want or need in your learning or teach of human anatomy and physiology. For example, the world famous Lion Den Slide Collection is a free perk of membership.

And did I mention that membership in the Lion Den is free? What a great deal, eh?

Honestly, most of the pages in Lion Den can still be accessed without a membership. Only a few downloadable resources require a membership. But I plan on adding more members-only resources in the future. And if you join now, you'll have bragging rights that you were one of the first to join. And among lions, bragging rights are mighty important!

To join, go to the membership signup page at or simply click "Become a member" under "User Guides" in the top navigation menu of any page in the Lion Den.

As always, thanks for your support!

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Organization of Anatomy & Physiology Content

In the newly updated Lion Den website, you'll quickly notice that I've reorganized how the content of the anatomy and physiology material is "packaged" for the website.

Although the individual pages remain pretty much intact in terms of their content—while at the same time sporting a new sleeker design—the way they are grouped in the navigation tools has changed.

First, there is a clear distinction between the LEARNING content and the TEACHING content.

Next, the content outlines are organized as one whole set, rather than the former A&P 1 and A&P 2 distinctions. They are just Learning Outlines, listed one after the other.

However, nested within the list of outlines is a mini-set of Pre-A&P Review Outlines. These go with my Pre-A&P course, but are useful to any A&P student to review before taking A&P.  Or they can be used to refresh yourself as you begin your A&P course.

I'm still clearing out old references to the A&P 1 / A&P 2 distinction—but eventually, that will all be gone.  Simply look for the topic you need without the 1/2 distraction that may not exactly fit the course you are taking.

The organization of the various Learning Tips and Tools remains pretty close to what it was in the old Lion Den.

Take a few minutes to hover over the various elements of the top navigation bar to see where it's all located. You may even stumble upon some hidden treasure that could help you out!

Bottom photo: Tbuckley89

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The New Lion Den Is Here!

The new version of the Lion Den website just rolled out, and I'm pretty excited about it.

Because I needed to change to a platform that is friendly to more types of devices, particularly small screen devices, I went all out and upgraded to a more sophisticated system. This system allows me to add features that were not possible before—given my limited range of coding skills.

I hired a professional web development team to make the conversion. Along the way, we made quite a few design changes to make the site more user friendly. And easier to navigate.

You will also notice that the content now focuses entirely on learning and teaching human anatomy and physiology. This alone makes the Lion Den easier to navigate.

My friends, given the nature of how these roll-outs go, there are bound to be some hiccups. So please have patience. And more importantly, please contact me with detailed reports of glitches so that I can fix them!

I'll be pointing out special features of the new Lion Den over my next few posts. And I'll be sharing new features and functionalities as I implement them.

If you want to stay posted on these developments, be sure to sign up for the free email newsletter, which delivers new postings right to your inbox. And while you're at it, consider subscribing to my other newsletters, too! Subscribe here.

Read More!

The Lions Are Getting Ready to Migrate!

Lion taming is a lot of work. Especially when you are training them for all new behaviors AND moving them to a newly built home!

That's what's going on right now in the Lion Den. We are developing a new website platform.  It's still a little while until the lions are ready to move in to their new digs, but here's a preview of what to expect:

  • The same reliable and useful content for learning (and teaching) human anatomy and physiology
  • A streamlined set of resources that focus entirely on human structure and function, with all the "old" travel and circus content out of the way.
  • A whole new, updated look.  But the lions will still look like lions. Check out the updated logo above.
  • An updated, modern flexible format that will be easy to use. Even on mobile devices!
  • All the helpful "extra" features that help you use the content. And a few new ones.
For now, it's pretty much the same old Lion Den. I just didn't want you to be surprised when you enter some time in the future and wonder what amazing adventure you've just landed in!
Read More!

Videos and Pencasts Updated

I recently updated the codes for all the videos and pencasts embedded in pages of the Lion Den.  Most of these are in the Study Tips & Tools section of the website.

The updates were required because they use Flash/Shockwave code, which is now no longer recognized by most major browsers.  The new code work as good or better than the old code, so now the videos will work just fine.

Livescribe has completely changed the way  pencasts are shared, and can no longer function within a webpage.  The good news is that they are still easy to use.  But the new format did require that I recast things on my end where they had appeared on web pages.  Again, these are mainly on the Study Tips & Tools pages.

Here's a sample video on Exam Strategies from the page Taking Tests.

Read More!

New Online Orientation for Pre-A&P (BIO 095)

I recently updated the Online Orientation for my online "refresher" course in Pre-A&P Foundations in Science.

Besides updating the content of the orientation to reflect recent changes in our college website, I also replaced the previous audio version with a new video version.  The video version has closed captioning.  So for the hearing impaired (or the sound-sensitive) I have two options: captions in the video or a read-only print version.

The Online Orientation page is found at

Watch the video

If you're not familiar with  my Pre-A&P course and want an overview, please check out

Read More!

Pre-A&P Syllabus Updates for Spring 2016

Today, I updated the syllabus for Pre-A&P Spring 2016.

The updates include:
  • revised list of audit/drop dates
  • clarification of extra/special help availability
  • updated links/references to resources now available through the new mySCC portal
Also, the copyright date notice for all pages in the Lion Den was updated to reflect the new year.
Read More!

New Textbook and Video Content in Pre-A&P Outlines

Today I added some additional mini-icons to the Review Outlines for my Pre-A&P-Foundations in Science course.

The textbook references link to "open" textbooks from OpenStax and textbook content from Kahn Academy.  There is a new "book" icon that identifies these links.

There are also several new links pointing to videos from Kahn Academy, identified by the "video icon."

Read More!

PRE-A&P Syllabus Updated

I just did my usual pre-semester update to the BIO 095 (Pre-A&P) syllabus.

There are no changes to the course, but the syllabus as been revised to include a list of learning outcomes for each course objective to better inform readers of the content and learning goals of the course.

A number of sentences or paragraphs were tweaked to better clarify course policies, procedures, and goals.

The list of withdrawal dates for fall and spring offerings of the course was updated. Read More!

Updated Teaching Resources and RSS feeds

Today the pages focused on resources for A&P teachers were updated. Links to these pages can be found at

Also updated are the RSS feeds that are found near the bottom of most anatomy & physiology related pages.  The posts from feeds now shows up in a different format that is more compatible with the overall design of the Lion Den website.

The feeds are also categorized as "for A&P students" or "for A&P teachers" to better focus the user.  Teacher-related content appears only on pages that are specifically directed to teachers.  Student-related content appears on all A&P-related pages.

The change in feeds also represents a move to a different feed aggregator than used previously. Read More!

Handbook of Anatomy & Physiology

Last week I added a new page in the Lion Den describing a new tool for your A&P learning toolbox:

First introduced a decade ago, this popular pocket guide has been completely updated with newly revised content and an almost complete redraw of the illlustrations.

Many A&P students have found this guide useful in their first A&P course.  But they've also found that it's a great tool to have in their pockets during later courses, especially clinical experiences, and even in their jobs, as they've needed a quick refresher on essential structures & functions of the human body.

Many clinicians find the Handbook of A&P to be a great tool for patient teaching.  The diagrams and tables often help explain basic anatomy or physiology to a patient trying to understand their health condition or a medical procedure.

The handbook is also useful in other professions such as insurance, art illustration, law enforcement, fashion, fitness,  and business, when knowing about the structure or function of the body (or its parts) is helpful to getting the job done right.

Read More!

New edition of Survival Guide for A&P

Over the past weekend, I updated the page regarding the Survival Guide for A&P, which has recently come out in a second, expanded edition.

Some of the new features include: 
  • Two additional sections on key study skills, bringing the total to 12.
  • Expanded tables on muscles and bones that include pronunciation guides and literal translations of each structure listed.
  • More of those popular cartoons highlighting principles and analogies covered in the guide.
  • More analogies and models to help student get some of the common sticky points in the A&P course.
  • New sections on text anxiety, using digital tools for learning, and English as a second language.
  • A lot more!

Read More!

BIO 095 pages updated

I recently updated the navigation menue, Syllabus (, and other course pages for BIO 095 to reflect the change in name of this course.

BIO 095 will now be called Pre-A&P Foundations in Science.

Read More!

Updated "Bone Names" page

I recently added additional advice to the page Bone Names in the Field Guide to the Body series:

Plain Latin

simple bone namesYeah, I know it would be SO much easier if bone names were in plain English. But they're not, and no amount of whining (I've discovered) is going to change that.
But bone names are in plain "everyday" Latin. Meaning that most bone names are simple—and I meanreally simple—Latin words and phrases. For example, the bone name tibia sounds weird to us but it's simply "shin-bone" in Latin. Likewise, humerus is "arm," sternum is "breast-bone," and femur is simply "thigh."

And some terms you know already, because the Latin name is also the English name. For example, you already know ribskull, and pelvis.

The point is that it makes learning bone names far easier if you approach it as simply learning new names for things you (pretty much) already know.

Let's look at this approach a little more closely . . . click Bone Names for more
Read More!

Learning bone names

I recently added a new page in The Field Guide to the Human Body series:

This page has a variety of hints on how to get started learning the human skeleton by getting a handle on the terminology of bones and bone markings.

There are also links to handouts that can be used a reference to employ the suggested methods of study.

foramen ovale

Read More!

Added page on mnemonics for A&P

Today I added a new page in the Study Tips & Tools section of the Lion Den.  This one outlines the use of mnemonic devices (memory aids) in studying A&P.

Mnemonics are particularly useful for remembering lists.

Check it out at Read More!

Reading strategies

Today I added a new video to my Reading Strategies page at

Or you can view it here.

Read More!

Spring 2013 course materials ready

All of the course pages for BIO 241 and BIO 242 are all up to date and ready to use in the Lion Den.

In Moodle, the course pages are also now open and ready for student use. Read More!

Confusing test deadlines and broken SCC links

Because Moodle cannot post both the ORIGINAL deadline for an online test and an EXTENDED deadline for an online test, some students have become confused.

Today, I expanded the explanation for this and further emphasized the need to NOT rely on the deadlines seen in Moodle.

As always, I strongly suggest checking my MOODLE HELP pages when you become confused about anything experienced in Moodle.

Here's the updated entry at

The test asks for a password, what's that about?

The end date of the test has not passed, but I cannot enter the test.

After a test ends, a student may request that their one-time Free Parking pass be used to re-open the test. When any student is allowed to use their Free Parking pass, the test date is extended to the end of classes for that semester and only those students who have been granted their Free Parking will be given a unique password that allows them to re-enter the test.

If you encounter a test that seems to be open (because of its date) but asks for a password, that means that it is open only to those students who have redeemed their Free Parking pass and have received their unique password. That test will remain closed to all other students.

The official online test dates are found in your printed syllabus. They are also available at:
Do NOT rely on the end dates appearing in Moodle quizzes, as they may reflect extensions for those who have redeemed their Free Parking pass.

Broken SCC links for Moodle help 

Because SCC keeps changing the URL of it's own MOODLE HELP pages without informating faculty who use these links, I've removed most of the links to SCC's Moodle help. However, I have updated the main link to SCC Moodle help and you can access the the most current links there.

I have also updated all links to the SCC Help Desk.

Read More!

A&P 1 Learning Outlines

I just finished updating the Learning Outlines for Anatomy & Physiology 1 (BIO 240) to better reflect the updated content of our textbook, Anatomy & Physiology, 8e.

Although all course documents are now updated and ready to use for the Fall 2012 semester, please be aware that individual pages are continually updated as needed.  Major updates are announced in this Lion Den blog.  However, it is recommended that students use the "Watch this Page" button to register for alerts to particular pages important in their course(s).

  Read More!

Fall 2012 syllabi (sort of) ready

Updated syllabi for BIO 240 and BIO 242 are now live.

These are essentially ready to roll for the fall semester--but expect a few tweaks in the next couple of weeks. Read More!

Why test answers are not automatically provided

Today, I added a new item in the FAQs for my A&P courses regarding the value of not automatically providing test answers when an online test is graded. 

Here's my answer:

When online tests are graded, you are provided with information on which items are marked as incorrect. You are then expected to FIND THE ANSWERS on you own. This is an active form of learning and is a vitally important part of the whole concept of online testing and learning.

Your test is a LEARNING EXPERIENCE as much as it is an evaluation of progress. If I provide the correct answers automatically, you will have no reason to go back to your resources and find the answers. You'll thus miss out on a critical learning opportunity! And, most importantly, you'll have no long-term recollection of the correct concept!

Visit to see this item on the FAQ page. Read More!

What's a SECTION grade in Moodle?

In some of my Moodle courses, I have an entry in the gradebook called Section.  Moodle reports a percentage for that grade and it has caused some concern among students when looking at the gradebook.  To explain what's going on, I've added an explanation at

Here's the story found at the new item in Moodle Help in the Lion Den:

In some "meta" courses where there are more than one course section all rolled into one Moodle course shell, a grade called Section may appear in the grade book. This is usually in the "miscellaneous" grade category. This is NOT a grade.

The Section entry is merely the number assigned to the course section in which you are enrolled for a course. For example, in BIO 240 01, then "1" is your section number. If you are enrolled in BIO 240 80, then "80" is your section number. It's merely there to help me figure out where you belong when I submit grades to the registrar.

Moodle, however, being a silly computer program and not a real person, does not understand this. So Moodle assigns you a percentage for Section, as if it's a real grade. Ignore that percentage. It's meaningless.

Ordinarily, NOTHING in the "miscellaneous" grade category is part of your course grade.

Not all courses have a Section grade. Read More!

Updated "Partially correct" section of Moodle Help

This week, I found out about a glitch in the way Moodle was reporting the item score for Partially correct items in online tests and practices.  So I've been tweaking the settings on all the tests to avoid any issues. 

I also updated the section on Partially correct at to more clearly explain scoring on such items. Read More!

Slide samples added to Teaching Slides page

I've just added a few random samples of the PowerPoint compatible slides that are available to teachers of A&P at

From that page, teachers can access a form to request access to the complete Lion Den Slide Collection. Read More!

Updated "exam info" for A&P 1, A&P 2

Today I updated the pages summarizing "exam info" for midterm and final exams in BIO 240 and BIO 241.

The primary change is a reminder to bring clickers to class on exam days. Read More!

The circus has arrived

Today, I finally moved all my circus-related pages over from the legacy site to the current Lion Den.

To explore these pages, go to Read More!

More Moodle help

Today, I added a new Moodle Help page.  This one focuses on interpreting corrected online tests.  It shows graphics that tell users how to tell which items are correct and which are incorrect.  The page also explains some issues and questions related to interpreting corrected tests.

Find the new page at Read More!

Ready for Spring 2012 semester!

I've made updates to course documents for Anatomy & Physiology 2 (BIO 241) and for A&P 1 Supplement (BIO 242) to make them ready for the Spring 2012 semester. 

Kevin's Schedule

BIO 241 A&P 2
Syllabus (main page)
Lecture Schedule
Online test schedule

BIO 242 A&P 1 Supplement
Syllabus (main page)

I also updated my page on using clickers in my courses, adding a new section explaining my reasons for using clickers.  The rest of the page outlines tips for how to use and maintain the i>clicker remote and how points are calculated for the course grade.

Student Response System Read More!

New concept map video

I've added another video to the Study Tips & Tools page on Concept Maps:

This video is a pencast that shows you how to get started with concept mapping with a simple, easy-to-use approach.

Want to find out more about using pencasts to study A&P?

Read More!

Pass the password

Today I added a new entry in the Moodle Help section to explain why a student may be asked for a password on an online test.   See for further information. I also updated the main navigation menus to reflect this change.

I recently updated my personal information page to better reflect details about my academic appointments and other information. Read More!

Blueberry oatmeal cookie, anyone?

Today I fixed a broken link in the DNA Mini Lesson that provides a recipe for Kevin's Favorite Blueberry Oatmeal Cookies.  It's there as an optional resource to supplement my mention that protein synthesis is analogous to cooking in many ways.

If you try the recipe, let me know if you like the cookies!

Read More!

New search engine

Today I updated the search engine available when clicking the search button at the bottom of any page in the Lion Den. 

The prior search engine had been abandoned by its supplier and no longer functioned.

The new search engine is provided by Google and searches all the pages in the Lion Den for whatever term is entered in the search form.

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology - Text and Anatomy and Physiology Online Course (User Guide and Access Code) Read More!

New icons, updated course materials, new Moodle help

I've recently updated several things in the Lion Den:

Dell D600 Laptop (1.6ghz, 40 GB Hard Drive, DVD/CD-RW)
Need a new computer?
All course syllabi and related course materials have now been updated for the Fall 2011 semester.

The icon for Power-Point compatible slides has been updated.

A new icon for sound files, podcasts, or any other audio has been added.

Both new icons now appear on the Kinda Smart page and in the Key available in the top menu bar of any outline page.
New audio icon
New slide icon

I've added a link to an NPR story on the impact of culture on science research to the History & Culture Mini Lesson.

I've added new Moodle Help page on how to get all the questions from a previously taken test, quiz, or Check In to appear so you can print them out.

I've added links to the new Moodle Help page in the top menu bar. Read More!

Moodle is here!

Because SCC has now transitioned to the use of Moodle as our learning management system (LMS), I've added a bunch of "Moodle Help" pages to the Lion Den. 

Students in Kevin's classes can now get answers to their questions about using Moodle all in one location.  Any issues related to using Moodle in BIO 095, 240, 241, 242 and other courses can likely be resolved here.

For a current list of Moodle helps, go to or use the top navigation bar in any Lion Den page. Read More!

Our MILLIONTH viewer!

Survival Guide For Anatomy And Physiology: Tips, Techniques And ShortcutsI just found out that just passed the MILLION VIEWER mark:

Over a million folks have tuned in to the Lion Den since 2006, when the count was started. 

However, I started Lion Den eight years before that, in 1998, so perhaps there really have been BILLIONS of viewers, eh? Read More!

New videos, new navigation, newsletter, and more!

Today I made the following updates to the Lion Den website:
Read More!

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Get an email everytime this blog is updated . . . which is when the Lion Den website has new updates (or news of some sort).

Just fill out this form and you're all set!

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Floating bar & feedback form removed

Today, I'm removing two features of that many users found to be annoying.  And none of us want the Lion Den to be annoying.  Well, except for the smell . . . but there's nothing to be done about that, eh?

The menu bar at the top of each page was originally set to float along and stay at the top of the browser window, even as you scroll down the page.  Unfortunately, many users have slower systems that caused the floating bar to float in the middle of the page for a few moments after scrolling down, then back up again.  So I reset this feature to stay at the top of the page.  If you want to access another page in the Lion Den, you'll now have to scroll all the way up to the top of the page.  But you can do it . . . I know you can!

I was also using a third-party service to solicit feedback (like how annoying the floating menu bar is).  But because it occasionally asks viewers to respond, and many users are FREQUENT users, you were getting tired of either giving feedback or telling the popup feedback request to go away.  So from now on, please give feedback by using the email response link found in several places in each page in the Lion Den. Read More!

Course materials updated for SP 2011

I just updated the syllabus, schedule, and related online documents for my Anatomy & Physiology 2 (BIO 241) course for the SP 2011 semester.  Go to to see the syllabus . . . then follow links to the related documents from there.

Also updated:
  • All pages related to slides now include FREE access to the Lion Den Slide Collection.  Go to to get access to the download site.

  • Course documents related to my Anatomy & Physiology 1 Supplement (BIO 242) course have also been updated.  Go to to start at the syllabus for that course.

  • The copyright notice for all pages in has been updated to reflect the new year.
Read More!

New feature: Pencasts

I've recently added the first in what I hope will be a series of pencasts.  These are quick, handwritten and often narrated overviews of individual anatomy & physiology concepts.

The first pencast is a quick overview of bone cell actions. It quickly runs through the main actions of osteoblasts and osteoclasts.

Hopefully, other pencasts will soon follow.

If you'd like to make your own pencasts, you can do that with a Livescribe 2 GB Pulse Smartpen or similar model.  If you have one that you think would help other users of Lion Den, be sure to pass it along! Read More!

New video on using flash cards

I just added a new video that offers some practical tips for using study cards to reduce your study time and get a solid foundation in learning any topic.  This video also includes some surprising advanced techniques that show how to use flash cards to also learn higher-level thinking in any subject. Includes discussion of the Leitner system (plus Patton's adaptation of the Leitner system), color codes and symbols, using cards to learn processes and ordered structures, and using cards to build concept maps (mind maps).

You can find this video, along with other tips on using flash cards at the newly updated page New Terms at Read More!

Lion Den is now a registered trademark

Just in case . . . the Lion Den trademark is now registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Read More!

Updated course information

Syllabi and related course materials for two courses has been updated:
  • BIO 240 Anatomy & Physiology 1
  • BIO 242 A&P 1 Supplement
Course information for BIO 095 is continually and frequently updated Read More!

Started a Moodle section

In anticipation of the upcoming migration of all SCC courses from WebCT to Moodle learning management system, I've begun a section in the A&P Study Tips & Tools area to start building help pages.  Students can use these pages to quickly find help when they run into trouble. Read More!

St. Kevin pages are ready

The St. Kevin pages have now been moved to the main Lion Den site from the old legacy site. . . albeit a bit too late for the big St. Kevin's Day celebration on June 3.  Well, at least I'll be ready for next year's big party, eh?

Read More!

Reproductive Systems outline updated

The A&P 2 Learning Outline for the Reproductive Systems has been formatted and updated and is reasonably ready to be used. Read More!

Urinary outline updated

The A&P 2 Learning Outline for the Urinary System (including fluid/electrolyte balance and acid/base balance) is now updated and formatted and ready for use at Read More!

Muscle names added to Study Tools and Tips

Another Study Tips & Tools page has been added to help A&P students use muscle names as a way to find and learn their muscles.

The new page Muscle Names includes videos that walk the reader through the basic concept of muscle naming.  This page also includes downloadable, printable tables to aid in learning major muscle names and their translations (plus pronunciation of muscle names).

Several linked pages (and the top nav bar on all pages) have been updated to reflect this addition. Read More!

Digestive System outline updated

The A&P 2 Learning Outline for the Digestive System has been formatted, updated, baked, and sliced . . . ready for your enjoyment! Read More!

Lion Tracks breadcrumbs . . . the saga begins

Ok, finally . . . I'm starting to leave a trail of breadcrumbs.  Well, that's what ORDINARY webmasters call this navigation tools that shows where a page is in the heirarchy of organization within a website.  In the Lion Den, however, it's no wonder that this navigation tool is instead called Lion Tracks. 

Found at the top of all pages at, the Lion Tracks tool is not yet complete on all pages.  I've started with the A&P 2 pages . . . from there, I'll finish the remaining A&P pages . . . then eventually the whole site. Read More!

Respiratory outline updated

The A&P 2 Learning Outline for the Respiratory System is now formatted and updated.  Of course . . . as always . . . expect the occasional additional tweaks. Read More!

Lymphatic-Immunity Learning Outline updated

The A&P 2 Learning Outline for the Lymphatic and Immune Systems is now formatted, updated, shined, and polished . . . and ready for your reading enjoyment! Read More!

Navigation menu improved

The top menu bar in all pages has been updated to better navigate to the Review Outlines for the course Foundations in Science (BIO 095).  The label "Learning Outline" was changed to "Review Outline" to better reflect the term used in BIO 095. Read More!

Cardiovascular outline formatted and updated

I just posted the formatted and updated version of the Learning Outline for the Cardiovascular System.  Enjoy! Read More!

Blood outline updated

The A&P 2 Learning Outline for Blood is now fully formatted and updated . . . and ready to roll! Read More!

A&P 2 course info updated

The syllabus, schedule, and related pages related to BIO 241 (A&P 2) have been updated for Spring 2010.
Learning Outlines are still unformatted and updated at (but the formatted previous versions can still be accessed at Read More!

Student Success info added

I recently added some brief Student Success strategies at including links to overviews of my "refresher course" and my "shortcut course" for A&P.

I also updated the list of links for all A&P pages (it's still not complete, but closer to it). Read More!

Clarified cholesterol/steroid hormone connection

In the chemistry outlines for both A&P 1 and Foundations in Science, the role of cholesterol as the molecule from which the steroid hormones are derived (converted) has been clarified. Read More!

AP 1 syllabus updated

I added a clarifying table to show how Participation Points in BIO 240 are awarded.  They are awarded for specific ranges of Clicker Points accumulated. Read More!

Endocrine outline now live

The formatted and fully updated Learning Outline for the Endocrine System (A&P 1) is now available. Read More!

Nervous System Part 2 now live

The Learning Outline for Nervous System - Part 2 is now formatted, updated and "ready to roll."

Next up: Endocrine System Read More!

Free Parking

A tab for Free Parking was added to the top menu under A&P 1 Lecture and A&P 2 Lecture.   This item previously appeared only under the WebCT help portion of the top menu under "Missed test deadline." Read More!

Nervous System Part 1 live

Today I uploaded the complete, formatted version of the Nervous System Part 1 outline for A&P 1.

Other updates this weekend:
  • Nervous System Overview formatted and updated
  • WebCT 18 updated today, further clarifying gradebook issues
  • Blog newsfeed added to Hot Tips drop-down box in the right sidebar of all pages
Read More!

The migration continues!

The conversion of hte Lion Den website from Frontpage format to Dreamweaver has been taking WAY longer than planned.  But the migration continues . . .

PLEASE change the URL in the address bar from "lionden.COM" to "lionden.INFO" if you land on a page that has not yet been migrated.  This will take you to the old "legacy" site and the content you are looking for will be there. Read More!


After more than 10 years of, I guess it's time to have a blog, eh?

The intent of this blog is to keep users of the Lion Den website up to date on the status of the website, new postings, changes, the story behind the story, and general silliness. Read More!